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The Harmful Effect of Herbicides on the Habitat of Monarch Butterflies

Did you know that since the 1990s over 970 million monarch butterflies have disappeared? After their sudden disappearance we have only around 30 million of the unique and exotic black and orange insects left. The decrease in the milkweed plant habitat of the butterflies and the utilization of extensive herbicides is ruining the habitat of the innocent butterflies. A project has been launched by the government which plans to spend $3.2 million to restore the milkweed plant of the monarch butterflies in the United States of America. The plant plays a very important part in the existence of monarch butterflies because it is their main home and their main source of obtaining food. The butterflies have been declared as an endangered or threatened species according to the Endangered Species Act.

Homeowners and farmers living across the country spray a lot of herbicides on the various milkweed plants. By carrying out such an activity, they are doing nothing but giving rise to a massacre of the existence of the monarch butterfly. When they spray the plants and the habitats of the butterflies, they are not only causing the black and orange butterflies to die out, but they are destroying their main source of obtaining food, their habitat, and leaving a number of butterflies without a home to live in.

Since the 1990s, over 970 million of these attractive and colorful creatures have disappeared from the planet and that has resulted in a decline of 90% in the existence of the species. The steps that have been taken by the government to reduce the destruction of the butterflies includes partnerships launched by the Fish and Wildlife Service, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, and the National Wildlife Federation in hope of establishing milkweed in order to do something helpful for the monarchs.

It has been estimated that over $2 million or up to $3.2 million will have to be utilized in order to restore over 200,000 acres of the habitat of the colorful critters by the government. More than seven hundred and fifty pollinator gardens and habitats will have to be restored. This can end up increasing or keep the amount of monarchs in the United States of America stagnant. Every winter, the butterflies migrate thousands of miles from Canada and the United States of America to the forests of central Mexico. The insects migrate back to their native land in the spring. Due to the fact that butterflies live only for approximately four to five weeks, the migration calls for six generations in order to be completed. The butterflies spend a great part of their winters in the mountain forests of Mexico where the climate is not too extreme and they have a greater chance of survival. However, many human societies nearby are known to depend on the same forests that the butterflies dwell in for tourist and agriculture activities.

The food supply of the monarch butterflies of milkweed, which is also considered to be their home across America, is slowly reducing. Homeowners and farmers are using weed killers or herbicides which are resulting in the decrease in the availability of plants.

The changes in the climate end up causing an interruption in the annual migration pattern of the butterflies and affect the conditions in both the summer and winter breading grounds. While the wetter and colder winters prove to be quite lethal to the creatures, the drier and hot summer conditions could result in a shift to habitats located in the northern region.

Monarch-butterfly

There are around thirty million butterflies still left in the United States of America. Money will be utilized to start a conservation fund that will offer grants to landowners and farmers to preserve the habitat. The actions taken by the Fish and Wildlife Service have declared the species of the monarch butterfly as an endangered species. This calls for the government to pay more attention to the protection of the butterflies. The protection of the monarch butterfly can only be maintained if the people of the nation work together and do something about it quickly!

When the butterflies migrate to Mexico every spring, they lay their eggs on the plant. The transformation of prairies to become cropland and the extensive utilization of pesticides, resistant crops have decreased milkweed, which is a vital source of food especially in the heartland. The projects for conservation will be more focused on working on the Interstate 35 corridor to Minnesota from Texas in all the areas that offer vital summer and spring habitats along the trail for around 50% of the monarchs that migrate every season.

Other state agencies and federal agencies are being encouraged to become a part of the project by the Fish and Wildlife Service. Threatened animals like lions and elephants all get the chance to make their way to the headlines, but what will happen to monarch butterflies? What is happening to monarch butterflies is nothing less than a massacre. The Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States of America summed up the grim and saddening statistics of over 970 million monarch butterflies disappearing.

The spraying of herbicides by homeowners and farmers on milkweed plants, which play a major role as the food source, home and nursery of the butterflies are destroying the habitat of the innocent creatures. In order to make up for the destruction that has occurred to the nature of the butterflies, the Fish and Wildlife Service started a partnership that had two private conservation teams, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and National Wildlife Federation to basically establish milkweed in the hopes of being able to do something for the monarchs.

Monarch butterflies are a major species that once used to flutter throughout nature and the United States of America by the billions. They moved to Canada from Mexico every spring on a journey that needed six generations of the creature to be completed. After that, the young monarchs come back to their native land, rest, birth, and dine on the milkweed plants. Now the monarchs are found in very few numbers and only, according the Washington post around 30 million of them remain in the world.

The endangerment of the species is something that has become quite famous in the past few days. The Fish and Wildlife Service is observing a petition that was filed by Center for Biological Diversity. This petition listed the monarch butterflies as a threatened species that needs protection in order to survive! This agency is observing whether that is required and is also trying to do everything that it can to restore the monarch population. It has been reported that the agency is offering to pay $2 million for the conservation projects. According to the agreement, the institution will assist in creating awareness about the requirement for milkweed, offer seeds to all those who are willing to do something for the monarch butterflies and plant the seeds and to make sure that they plant the seeds in open space such as parks, forests, patio flower boxes, and other areas. An extra or additional $1.2 million will be provided to the foundation in the form of seed money to produce a larger fundraising match from different organizations.Viceroy Butterfly

The amount of monarch butterflies that spend their winters in the forests of Mexico has reduced to extremely low levels ever since monitoring started over 20 years ago. This was according to a study that was released by the World Wildlife Fundation, the Natural Protected Areas Commission, and Mexico’s Environment Department. This report has lead many experts to inform everyone that the annual migration of the insects to Canada is at the stake of disappearing completely. The possibility of then end of the migration of the monarch butterflies might prove to be a wakeup call for all Canadians. While the amount has reached an alarming state, one of the most vital remedies is very easy. The monarchs require milkweed in order to survive and the Canadians have to play their role by planting pollinator friendly gardens and plant more milkweed in their gardens in the spring.

The report shows that the population of the monarchs spending their winters in Mexico is very low. The number was estimated to be over 60 million monarchs last year. The monarchs spent their winters in certain mountain forests.

The population has started decreasing since 1993. The amount this year has been estimated to have reduced by half of what it was recorded before. The main dangers to the monarch butterflies has proven to be the endangerment of the milkweed plants which the butterflies consider as their home throughout the entire migratory path of the monarchs, especially in the US Midwest. The milkweed is considered to be the host planet for all monarchs where the mothers lay the eggs on the underside of the leaves and the caterpillar’s main source of obtaining its food is the milkweed.
The increasing prices of corn in the USA have resulted in the conversion of hectares of grassland to corn along with the conservation lands that once used to be full of milkweed for all monarch butterflies. An increase in the utilization of an herbicide known as Roundup has paid a lot to the loss of the plant milkweed. The herbicide is known to kill all the plants except for crops that are modified to be able to withstand the herbicide.

The leading monarch advocacy organization known as the Monarch Watch has approximated that over 60 million hectares of the habitat of the butterflies that have been destroyed due to herbicide resistant cropland in America with an extra six million hectares of the milkweed plant habitat for being lost to residential development and roads. The rates are enough to be compared to the deforestation rates that are prevailing in Indonesia, Brazil, and Malaysia.

Studies have revealed that there are a number of states in which nearly all of the milkweed plants have disappeared. With the near extinction of monarch butterflies, the milkweed plants are also fading from this world.

The Canadians are being urged to do everything they can to bring milkweed back into their gardens so that we can bring the monarch butterflies back into our lives in order to revive the beauty of nature.

The loss of butterflies is very saddening, especially in North America because these beautiful creatures play a vital role in adding beauty to the environment. The population of the monarch butterfly has dropped at an increasing rate over the past few years from 1 billion to approximately 35 million. The conservation groups have been concerned about the decline in the population of the butterflies for a number of years and the FWS has taken great notice.

According to the service agency, the butterflies will be provided with the protection they deserve as stated in the Endangered Species Act. The decision of the FWS came in reply to a petition that the Center for Biological Diversity sent. The monarch butterflies face a number of threats along with their migration route between central Mexico and the US, but their main decline is due to the decrease in the presence of milkweed.

Monarch butterflies are dependent on milkweed as it is the only plant that they eat. They lay their eggs on the leaves of the milkweed during times of summer breeding. However, milkweed is not appreciated by farmers who think of the plant as a type of weed and do everything they can to wipe the plant out of their fields. The loss of milkweed is resulting in the loss of monarch butterflies. You should do everything that you can in order to bring back the required amount of milkweed so that we can give rise to a population of monarch butterflies. Our world would not be as beautiful as it is today if it were not for the presence of monarch butterflies. Their vibrant colors make the environment seem calm and peaceful. We need to prevent the endangerment of monarch butterflies!