19 MW solar park in Germany

Ensure the Bright Future of Earth with Solar Energy Use

Global warming is happening and that is a fact. If we do not do something fast, the future generation is going to have to deal with a very dangerous crisis.

So, what can ordinary people do to save Mother Earth? The answer could be already right there under our noses, solar energy. Use of the power of the sun has been introduced years ago and many people have already utilizing it to their advantage. This means that some people have acknowledged the fact that solar power is an effective way to have electricity without generating green house gases.

But it is a sad fact that most of us are still under the influence of the energy grid. Most of us are still very much dependent on the energy provided by big companies that charges high energy rates.

What the big part of the world does not know is that solar panels are now easier to build and install. They can now even be modified to match your home. In a way, you can have solar panels that do not look like solar panels.

Importance of Solar Energy

Image taken by NASA

Image taken by NASA

When it comes to the importance of using the power of the sun, it can be concluded that solar energy helps save the environment for the future generation. The important thing here is us, the ones still living today; understand that we need to sustain the earth for our children and their children.

The importance of solar energy as we understand today should also be explained to today’s children so that they may not make the same mistakes that the generation before us has committed. We need to ensure that the future generation understands the significance of respecting the environment and the resources it offers.

Solar Energy as Renewable Energy

Renewable energy is energy that continuously gets replenished. It can come in different forms and the most common is solar energy, which is provided to us by the strong power of the sun.

The Earth collects an incredible supply of solar power. The sun is a fusion reactor that can provide sufficient energy in one hour that can supply our energy requirements for a year. One day of solar energy can provide more than enough energy that the world’s current population can use up for 27 years. The truth is that a 3-day supply of energy from the sun is solar radiation that can equal all the stored energy in non-renewable fossil energy that the world can supply

This only means that if we can really utilize the power of the sun, the earth’s non-renewable resources will be saved from being wasted and abused.

Solar energy simply can provide the earth with free and inexhaustible power resource. All we need to understand is how to effectively harness it for the benefit of the future generation.

Brief History of Solar Energy Discovery

Horace de Saussure

Horace de Saussure

The ability to use the power of the sun was first discovered for heat production. It was in 1767 that Horace de Saussure, a Swiss scientist, first built a thermal solar collector to be used for cooking food and heating water. In 1891, the first patented solar water heater was successfully built by Clarence Kemp of the United States. This innovative system was then purchases by two American executives in 1897 to be installed in Pasadena homes.

The second discovery was electricity production through solar energy in 1839 when Edmund Becquerel, a French physicist, discovered that the energy from the sun can generate a Photovoltaic Effect, which means photo is light and voltaic thus can provide electrical supply. The development of PV or Photovoltaic cells was developed in the 1880s and they had the capacity to effectively convert the light from the sun into electricity with efficiency of 1 to 2 percent. During this time though, there was not enough information released regarding the methods in turning light into electricity, thus PV power remained a big curiosity for many years to come.

It was during the time of Albert Einstein in the 1900s when the conversion process was slightly understood, when the world renowned scientist and inventor won a Nobel Prize for his comprehensive clarification on the Photoelectric Effect.

From that time forward, the subject of solar energy has been discussed, argued, studied and tested by different scientists and inventors. The fact remained though that despite the numerous proofs that solar power is very much available, its availability has been very elusive for the ordinary people.

Understanding Solar Energy

Understanding solar energy and its usefulness is the first step towards a better future. It is the best way to totally stop green house gases emission. It is also one of the best ways to supply the earth with energy that is free and inexhaustible.

Understanding solar energy starts with understanding solar power. This energy resource is not new to the society. It is something that has been properly and efficiently utilized since ancient times. It is known worldwide as a renewable source of energy.

Why then, we can ask, is the world still dependent on using exhaustible energy resources?

The answer is simple; we are living in the world where the  influential dictate how we all shall live.  We know that solar panels are better alternatives, but we also have this big misconception that we cannot afford them.

That could be true decades ago, but in the modern world of today, where technology is more advanced and can be easily accessed by anyone, solar panels are highly affordable. Therefore, we now all have the chance to change the way we live and that can start by deciding, once and for all, to turn our backs from the grid and face the future with the aid of the power of the sun.

Facts about the Power of Solar Energy

Solar cell

Solar cell

Facts about the power of the sun are numerous and they are easily understood. Solar energy is simply the energy gathered from the sun’s radiations. These radiations have great potential of being the chief source of energy in the future of mankind.

Solar power is as natural as it can get. The radiating power from the sun is known as solar energy and it is the kind of energy that has no shortage. It is being supplied to us in abundance and it has always been there to keep the world going.

Solar energy is among the oldest used renewable energy in the world and it has been effectively being used to supply energy to a lot of modern day technologies.

Solar energy is good for the environment and it can be utilized for a lot of day to day activities such as; cooking, heating and clothes drying.

Solar energy is a cheap and reliable source of electricity. It can help you save money in the long run as it also gives you the chance to save the environment in particular, and the future of the earth in general.

Solar panels may cost you money initially, but its usefulness is almost eternal that you can be assured of cost-efficiency in the long run.

Solar energy is responsible for different weather patterning as it also provides the earth with the chance to lessen pollution.

Solar energy does not emanate harmful and deadly green house gases that are accountable for the menacing global warming that the world is currently experiencing.

One hour of direct sunlight can provide the earth with solar energy for a whole year. That fact is the reason why it is believed that solar energy is the most efficient option when it comes to renewable energy that can save the future of the earth.

The power of the sun can provide electricity to the whole world, thus the record of 2 billion people living without electricity can be minimized initially and eventually could be totally resolved.

Therefore, it can be safely concluded that solar energy is definitely the best thing for the earth’s future. It could be the weapon that we can use to save us from the immeasurable possible difficulties that could plague the world and squeeze us out of our much needed resources like fuel.

So let us all go hand in hand and save Mother Earth from total destruction before it is too late. Let us all dare to go green. Let us start saving the earth and everything living thing around us by using solar energy in replacement of hazardous, traditional energy resources.




Ten Amazing Facts about Bees

Bees are known for the sweet honey they produce, just as they are popular the world over for their perfectly constructed beehives and for effectively pollinating crops. But there are simple so much more about these buzzing small flying animals than that. The following are the ten amazing facts about bee that you may not be aware of.

1. They sting, but it has benefits

There is no doubt that a bee sting can be a very unpleasant experience. Due to recent medical studies though some people are starting to benefit from bee stings. Melittin is a bee venom that has been found to have the ability to kill HIV. Being stung by bees is also considered as a good alternative treatment and is called apitherapy. This alternative medicine asserts that bee venom has therapeutic significance in providing treatment for serious treatment. Bee venom is deemed to be a viable option than taking dangerous commercially available pharmaceutical medications, which more often than not have bad side effects or wouldn’t really work as intended.
Apitherapy has been used for centuries as folk medicinal remedy in some countries and the main idea is to make good use of the honeybee venom’s healing power in alleviating serious physical conditions such as; lupus, arthritis and multiple sclerosis. One woman from Vermont actually claimed that apitherapy cured her from Lyme disease.
Apitherapy may not have the distinctive capacity to cure all illnesses or to miraculously keep sick people well, but at least, it can keep the disease effectively at bay. The additional benefit is that it does not impose harmful side effects. The sting itself is the only pain one will suffer from, and it will be a temporary one.

2. Bees work harder than humans

Bees literally work to death. There are the scout bees whose job is to search for possible sources of food and they are the adventurous bees. The soldier bees have the duty as security guards from the day they were born to the time they die. The middle-aged bees turn out to be undertakers, and their main function is to remove the dead ones from the bee hive; their brain pattern obliges them to do that. The most incredible type of bees is the regular honeybees. These are the ones that have multiple tasks to do during their lifetime and the ability to modify their brain chemistry prior to getting into a new job.
Making honey is what they do best and bees work hard at it by flying for more than 55 thousand miles to visit around two million flowers just to generate a pound of precious honey. One single bee can visit up to 100 flowers in every trip just to take pollen and nectar back to their hives.
If such activity is required to a human, the whole process will not be possible. Humans work hard, but certainly not as hard as these stinging insects.

3. Bees have brains that can defy time

Bees are just like any other life forms on Earth, they age. But if an aging bee is required to do a job performed by a younger bee, its brain is going to cease from aging. Their brains will actually go in reverse. It’s like they have to think young in order to fulfill the tasks that they used to do when they were younger. If this phenomenon happens to a person, it’s like dementia will never be a possibility.
It’s like bees have discovered the most effective ways of turning back time. In a study conducted, young bees have been taken out from the hive and when the older bees arrived home and found that there are no young bees to take care of the hive, they decided to perform the tasks. They have the obligation to keep the colony alive, and their ages have been taken for granted and their bodies magically become as strong as when they were younger.
These research findings offer good suggestions that being socially active could be the best way of slowing down age-related dementia.

4. Bees are changing modern medicine

In their attempt to reinforce their beehives, the bees make use of a resin from evergreen and poplar trees called propolis – which is beehive glue that they use in pasting together their materials for their hives. Bees make use of it as caulk, but humans make use of it in fighting off fungi, bacteria and viruses. According to researches, propolis from beehives can relieve acne, cancer sores, cold sores, sore throat, herpes, eczema, and cavities.
Propolis is also being used in manufacturing different products such as; cosmetic creams, chewing gum, ointments and lozenges. It is also under scientific testings as a possible tooth enamel hardener and dental sealant.
Propolis has been proven effective as treatments for minor wounds, infections, burns, genital herpes, dental pains, mouth sores and inflammatory diseases.
Use of propolis though is not advised for people with hyper sensitivity reactions to honey and other bee products or to bee stings. Frequent use of propolis can lead to negative bodily reactions like redness, swelling, burning, fever, fluid collection and eczema.

5. Bees have the unique ability to recognize human faces

This ability is not born into them; rather they can be trained to be experts on this so long as they are successfully tricked into recognizing human faces as peculiarly shaped flowers. They can actually be taught to makes out human faces in the same way that humans do. They take different parts and then they arranged these features in recognizing and distinguishing one human face from another.
This discovery of bees’ unusual ability is definitely a very surprising one, as it can be very difficult to imagine the bees managing this incredible feat with their brains sized like microdot.

6. Bees have personalities

Bees are not drones; they have distinctive personalities that tell them apart from each other. There are thrill seeker bees and there are some that can be more timid. There are also bees that are agitated and pessimistic, and these findings may point to the fact that these insects have feelings. They also prove that bees do not have what everyone thinks as interchangeable characteristics and they are not just created to serve their queen.
It is a fact that there are honeybees that are eager to do tasks that are designated to other bees, but could be due to the differences in personalities.
A bee scout, for instance is not your typical working bee. Scout bees are the thrill-seeking bees and they get the rush by searching for a new place to live once the colony starts to outgrow the current hive. When the need arises, these scouts (usually a little than five percent of the colony) are going to take off and scout around for new digs. Eventually, these scouts are more likely to turn into food scouts. Researchers fondly call these bees are the ones that are always willing to go that extra mile for the colony.
It has been discovered likewise that scout bees are extremely different from other bees, because their brains function differently as well. A scout bee’s brain is wired in responding well to new and novel experiences. While the timid working bees have

7. Bees get buzzed from cocaine and caffeine

Humans get additional rush from caffeine and the same thing is true with bees. It has been discovered that when nectar is laced with caffeine, the bees will be able to remember where that flower is located. This means there is a significant increase of chances that the bees will find that flower again.
Cocaine gives the high to humans, and it does the same to bees. Bees are great dancers and they communicate well with their dancing prowess. But once these insects get high with cocaine, they will dance so differently that may communicate an exaggerated and overemphasized information about the food they found.
8. Bees are the most economical nature builders
It has been argued, discussed and accepted that honeycombs are the most practical and economical structures on Earth, and this is because they utilize the smallest amount of wax. Not only that, a honeycomb is also a perfect hexagon.
This perfection has been marveled at by scientists and for many centuries, none of them was able to describe how it clearly works. British and Chinese engineers have worked hard at trying to figure out how it is possible and they have found out that the cells starts off in circles, most probably molded as the shape of the body of a bee. From that circle that hexagonal pattern will be formed within seconds.
It is indeed an incredible feat to be able to build something as perfect as a honeycomb. And to imagine that bees have really small brains, but they been successfully building their cells for many centuries now.

9. Bees have serial killers instincts

Bees hunt down foods in the same way that serials killer s commit their crimes. Food hunting and serial killing are activities that are both performed successfully close to home. Bees have this unique ability to create a buffer zone – a specific space within their neighborhood where they will not forage. The main idea is to reduce the risks of parasites and predators locating their nests.
This bee characteristic is very much similar to the criminal profile of a serial killer. Most murders committed by these criminals are discovered to have taken place near where they actually live, the not in areas that are directly surrounding the house.
If bees are concerned about the parasites and the predators finding where they forage, serial killers on the other hand are afraid of committing crimes where someone they know might be witness the crime.

10. Bees are job creators

It has been proven that bees create jobs for the humans. They produce honey, a very precious commodity that needs to be harvested and processed. In American alone, around 280 million pounds of honey are consumed every year. A beekeeper is needed to take care of the hives and to harvest the honey. There are people working for the entire honey processing, and this proves that jobs are being created just by producing edible honey alone. Large companies that produce commercial honey are employing thousands of people, and these factories can be found all over the world.
Bees also pollinate crops. This is another proof that bees are badly needed. With the crops pollinated by bees, harvesting them requires human intervention. These crops will also need to be processed before the final product can be served on the dinner table. From the time the crops are planted, to the time they are harvested, processed, packed, delivered, sold, cooked/prepared and served, thousands of people are given the chance to earn money.
Without bees, there will be significant decline in food production and people will grow hungry, but not extinct. There are still some plants that do not require bees in pollination. These plants include; bamboo, rice, corn, wheat, barley and rye. Birds, butterflies and the wind are also pollinators. But bees are still very important because it is a simple fact that the plants they pollinate are needed for human consumption. The world may still have green grass, but there will be no honey to sweeten life if bees get extinct.


In a sense, it can be concluded that bees are very much like humans. They have personalities, and they have distinct emotions. They also work hard – but definitely harder than humans. They hunt for places where they can build their homes and find food. They also have leaders – their queen. There are soldiers, scouts and workers. They may have smaller brains but they have the unique ability to turn back time. They also can be taught to do things that are unique to humans, like recognizing human faces. So, the next time you consume honey, take a few seconds to appreciate how these little, active and non-tiring creatures have worked hard just to produce them.

Solar Energy

Top 5 Examples of Alternative Energy Resources

Fuel has a wide arrange of application in our daily lives, that’s why oil products are extremely demanded all around the globe. So, a massive increase on its price is a big burden to every country’s economy and its citizens. Due to this, the international market emphasizes the urgency to assess all alternative energy available. The demand for these services is increasing constantly as the universal economy fights the global downturn that has happened last few years. Predominantly, the call for a productive use of energy, especially renewable and clean energy, gets louder as time goes by.

Top 5 Examples of Alternative Energy Resources

Here are the  examples of top alternative energy resources that are used around the globe:

Solar energy

Solar energy

1. Solar energy – the generation of electricity from the sun

Wind Energy

Wind Energy

2. Wind energy – the generation of electrical energy from the wind

Biomass energy - green algae

Biomass energy – green algae

3. Biomass electricity – plant-derived energy source that substitutes gasoline for powering vehicles



4. Hydroelectric energy and ocean energy – energies sourced from water

Geothermal energy

Geothermal energy

5. Geothermal energy – the utilization of steam from the ground’s core to heat up buildings or for general electricity production

Pros and Cons of Alternative Energy

Alternative energy is a wide encompassing field and there are distinctively pros and cons for each alternative energy form.

The following are the general pros and cons alternative energy:

A particular alternative energy may suffice the energy needs of different regional and national communities. It also promotes national safety and security and amplifies miscellany of fuel.

Environmentally, it can decrease air pollution which is the primary cause of asthma among children. It cleanses the air which can avoid respiratory diseases and even eradicate early death among people of all age. Economically, it helps preserve resources of fossils for future usage. It can be an unwavering source of energy through the use of modern technology integration. In effect of this, the country will not be vulnerable to unexpected fuel supply interruption and oil price hikes.

Despite the obvious benefits of using alternative energy sources, it can not be taken for granted that they also offer some environmental impacts.

Plantations of biomass can be disastrous to the environment because it discharges bad emissions. Wind farms can damage the countryside and some may even harm animals. Wildlife and eco system are not safe due to hydro ventures that significantly distract them. Fortunately, these effects are much lesser compare to the damage that can be brought by nuclear plants.

Although we may think that alternative or renewable energy is cheaper, the sets of equipment in building energy plants are very costly. Commonly, fossil fuels are more economical. But in the end the people are incisive for a wide array of choice for energy usage.


Happy Earth Day!

“A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people.” — Franklin D. Roosevelt

The Harmful Effect of Herbicides on the Habitat of Monarch Butterflies

Did you know that since the 1990s over 970 million monarch butterflies have disappeared? After their sudden disappearance we have only around 30 million of the unique and exotic black and orange insects left. The decrease in the milkweed plant habitat of the butterflies and the utilization of extensive herbicides is ruining the habitat of the innocent butterflies. A project has been launched by the government which plans to spend $3.2 million to restore the milkweed plant of the monarch butterflies in the United States of America. The plant plays a very important part in the existence of monarch butterflies because it is their main home and their main source of obtaining food. The butterflies have been declared as an endangered or threatened species according to the Endangered Species Act.

Homeowners and farmers living across the country spray a lot of herbicides on the various milkweed plants. By carrying out such an activity, they are doing nothing but giving rise to a massacre of the existence of the monarch butterfly. When they spray the plants and the habitats of the butterflies, they are not only causing the black and orange butterflies to die out, but they are destroying their main source of obtaining food, their habitat, and leaving a number of butterflies without a home to live in.

Since the 1990s, over 970 million of these attractive and colorful creatures have disappeared from the planet and that has resulted in a decline of 90% in the existence of the species. The steps that have been taken by the government to reduce the destruction of the butterflies includes partnerships launched by the Fish and Wildlife Service, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, and the National Wildlife Federation in hope of establishing milkweed in order to do something helpful for the monarchs.

It has been estimated that over $2 million or up to $3.2 million will have to be utilized in order to restore over 200,000 acres of the habitat of the colorful critters by the government. More than seven hundred and fifty pollinator gardens and habitats will have to be restored. This can end up increasing or keep the amount of monarchs in the United States of America stagnant. Every winter, the butterflies migrate thousands of miles from Canada and the United States of America to the forests of central Mexico. The insects migrate back to their native land in the spring. Due to the fact that butterflies live only for approximately four to five weeks, the migration calls for six generations in order to be completed. The butterflies spend a great part of their winters in the mountain forests of Mexico where the climate is not too extreme and they have a greater chance of survival. However, many human societies nearby are known to depend on the same forests that the butterflies dwell in for tourist and agriculture activities.

The food supply of the monarch butterflies of milkweed, which is also considered to be their home across America, is slowly reducing. Homeowners and farmers are using weed killers or herbicides which are resulting in the decrease in the availability of plants.

The changes in the climate end up causing an interruption in the annual migration pattern of the butterflies and affect the conditions in both the summer and winter breading grounds. While the wetter and colder winters prove to be quite lethal to the creatures, the drier and hot summer conditions could result in a shift to habitats located in the northern region.


There are around thirty million butterflies still left in the United States of America. Money will be utilized to start a conservation fund that will offer grants to landowners and farmers to preserve the habitat. The actions taken by the Fish and Wildlife Service have declared the species of the monarch butterfly as an endangered species. This calls for the government to pay more attention to the protection of the butterflies. The protection of the monarch butterfly can only be maintained if the people of the nation work together and do something about it quickly!

When the butterflies migrate to Mexico every spring, they lay their eggs on the plant. The transformation of prairies to become cropland and the extensive utilization of pesticides, resistant crops have decreased milkweed, which is a vital source of food especially in the heartland. The projects for conservation will be more focused on working on the Interstate 35 corridor to Minnesota from Texas in all the areas that offer vital summer and spring habitats along the trail for around 50% of the monarchs that migrate every season.

Other state agencies and federal agencies are being encouraged to become a part of the project by the Fish and Wildlife Service. Threatened animals like lions and elephants all get the chance to make their way to the headlines, but what will happen to monarch butterflies? What is happening to monarch butterflies is nothing less than a massacre. The Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States of America summed up the grim and saddening statistics of over 970 million monarch butterflies disappearing.

The spraying of herbicides by homeowners and farmers on milkweed plants, which play a major role as the food source, home and nursery of the butterflies are destroying the habitat of the innocent creatures. In order to make up for the destruction that has occurred to the nature of the butterflies, the Fish and Wildlife Service started a partnership that had two private conservation teams, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and National Wildlife Federation to basically establish milkweed in the hopes of being able to do something for the monarchs.

Monarch butterflies are a major species that once used to flutter throughout nature and the United States of America by the billions. They moved to Canada from Mexico every spring on a journey that needed six generations of the creature to be completed. After that, the young monarchs come back to their native land, rest, birth, and dine on the milkweed plants. Now the monarchs are found in very few numbers and only, according the Washington post around 30 million of them remain in the world.

The endangerment of the species is something that has become quite famous in the past few days. The Fish and Wildlife Service is observing a petition that was filed by Center for Biological Diversity. This petition listed the monarch butterflies as a threatened species that needs protection in order to survive! This agency is observing whether that is required and is also trying to do everything that it can to restore the monarch population. It has been reported that the agency is offering to pay $2 million for the conservation projects. According to the agreement, the institution will assist in creating awareness about the requirement for milkweed, offer seeds to all those who are willing to do something for the monarch butterflies and plant the seeds and to make sure that they plant the seeds in open space such as parks, forests, patio flower boxes, and other areas. An extra or additional $1.2 million will be provided to the foundation in the form of seed money to produce a larger fundraising match from different organizations.Viceroy Butterfly

The amount of monarch butterflies that spend their winters in the forests of Mexico has reduced to extremely low levels ever since monitoring started over 20 years ago. This was according to a study that was released by the World Wildlife Fundation, the Natural Protected Areas Commission, and Mexico’s Environment Department. This report has lead many experts to inform everyone that the annual migration of the insects to Canada is at the stake of disappearing completely. The possibility of then end of the migration of the monarch butterflies might prove to be a wakeup call for all Canadians. While the amount has reached an alarming state, one of the most vital remedies is very easy. The monarchs require milkweed in order to survive and the Canadians have to play their role by planting pollinator friendly gardens and plant more milkweed in their gardens in the spring.

The report shows that the population of the monarchs spending their winters in Mexico is very low. The number was estimated to be over 60 million monarchs last year. The monarchs spent their winters in certain mountain forests.

The population has started decreasing since 1993. The amount this year has been estimated to have reduced by half of what it was recorded before. The main dangers to the monarch butterflies has proven to be the endangerment of the milkweed plants which the butterflies consider as their home throughout the entire migratory path of the monarchs, especially in the US Midwest. The milkweed is considered to be the host planet for all monarchs where the mothers lay the eggs on the underside of the leaves and the caterpillar’s main source of obtaining its food is the milkweed.
The increasing prices of corn in the USA have resulted in the conversion of hectares of grassland to corn along with the conservation lands that once used to be full of milkweed for all monarch butterflies. An increase in the utilization of an herbicide known as Roundup has paid a lot to the loss of the plant milkweed. The herbicide is known to kill all the plants except for crops that are modified to be able to withstand the herbicide.

The leading monarch advocacy organization known as the Monarch Watch has approximated that over 60 million hectares of the habitat of the butterflies that have been destroyed due to herbicide resistant cropland in America with an extra six million hectares of the milkweed plant habitat for being lost to residential development and roads. The rates are enough to be compared to the deforestation rates that are prevailing in Indonesia, Brazil, and Malaysia.

Studies have revealed that there are a number of states in which nearly all of the milkweed plants have disappeared. With the near extinction of monarch butterflies, the milkweed plants are also fading from this world.

The Canadians are being urged to do everything they can to bring milkweed back into their gardens so that we can bring the monarch butterflies back into our lives in order to revive the beauty of nature.

The loss of butterflies is very saddening, especially in North America because these beautiful creatures play a vital role in adding beauty to the environment. The population of the monarch butterfly has dropped at an increasing rate over the past few years from 1 billion to approximately 35 million. The conservation groups have been concerned about the decline in the population of the butterflies for a number of years and the FWS has taken great notice.

According to the service agency, the butterflies will be provided with the protection they deserve as stated in the Endangered Species Act. The decision of the FWS came in reply to a petition that the Center for Biological Diversity sent. The monarch butterflies face a number of threats along with their migration route between central Mexico and the US, but their main decline is due to the decrease in the presence of milkweed.

Monarch butterflies are dependent on milkweed as it is the only plant that they eat. They lay their eggs on the leaves of the milkweed during times of summer breeding. However, milkweed is not appreciated by farmers who think of the plant as a type of weed and do everything they can to wipe the plant out of their fields. The loss of milkweed is resulting in the loss of monarch butterflies. You should do everything that you can in order to bring back the required amount of milkweed so that we can give rise to a population of monarch butterflies. Our world would not be as beautiful as it is today if it were not for the presence of monarch butterflies. Their vibrant colors make the environment seem calm and peaceful. We need to prevent the endangerment of monarch butterflies!



The Beauty and Dependability of Electric Luxury Cars

Electric luxury cars are currently gaining popularity due to some obvious advantages that they can provide. They have indeed already attracted a good following of car enthusiasts and they are still carving their way into the mainstream.

If you are thinking of purchasing an electric luxury car, it is important though to understand that you can only take them to short distance drives and you should not expect the full running capacity of traditional cars.

Advantages of Electric Luxury Cars

Electric car

Luxury Electric Car Charger

The very obvious advantage of using an electric luxury car is that there is no need for gasoline. An electric car runs on battery and one good example is a vehicle that boost of a 40 mile battery range. This means that the electric car can run for 40 miles on its battery power. Generally, 40 miles is essentially the range of an average route for work. Therefore, with an electric car, you can eliminate the need to gas when going to work in the morning and coming home at night. With minimum gas consumptions comes big savings.

Electricity is certainly a much cheaper commodity than gasoline and charging an electric to the fullest will allow you to maximize its operational performance.

By using an electric car, you also help lessen pollution as it gives of no hazardous emissions. This makes electric luxury cars better choices than traditional hybrid cars, which use gas, thus give off polluting emissions.

In the event of an accident, an electric car can take the impact much better than gas-running cars. This is because fluid batteries do not cause explosions.

Additionally, an electric luxury car does not need as much maintenance as regular gas powered vehicles since it is equipped with a much less complicated engine.

Is an Electric Luxury Car Right for You?

This is one question that you should be able to answer before finally deciding to buy an electric luxury car. In order to help you reach a good decision, there are a couple of factors that should be taken into consideration.

The first factor is the price. The thing with an electric car is that it can be really a lot more expensive than a hybrid car. If your price range is not ideal for an electric car, then going for a gas-running vehicle is your option. But if you want to save energy in the long run, buying an electric luxury car is the best choice to make. The initial investment may seem really optimal, but the in the long run, the amount you will save from not having to buy gas will even out the difference in the price you will pay for the electric car.

The next factor that you need to consider is the speed. You should not expect speed from an electric car as they are not designed and manufactured to go really fast. The current models of electric cars in the market today have top speed capacity of a little less than 60 miles/hour. So, if you like driving your car faster than that limit, an electric car may not be the best option for you. But if that limit is enough for you and you have no intention of driving really far away at any given time, an electric car will be good enough for you.

Reliability of Electric Luxury Cars


Natural Environment

An electric car is considered as an alternative to fuel car and it uses electric motors along with motor controllers used as the driving force rather than regular internal combustion engine. An electric luxury car offers good acceleration and good driving speed. It has poorer battery range capacity though when compared to fuel-running cars and this make it a car with shorter driving range. In view of this, you may think that an electric is not reliable enough.

But if you can understand perfectly well that an electric car is only good enough for everyday short drive use, and then you can really enjoy all the benefits it can give you. The trick here is to know when to recharge the battery and to never take it out unless it is fully recharged.

It can be concluded therefore that electric luxury cars are just as equally reliable as an average fossil fuel powered vehicle when it comes to function.



Happy People

How to Find Happiness, 20 Things Happy People Do

Virtually, there is no person who does not want to be happy in life or to live a happy life. However, experience has shown that not everybody is happy in life. There are in fact many people who other people think that they have every reason to be happy yet they are always unhappy because of one reason or the other. Happiness involves a lot of things and it is more than material acquisition. This is why in recent time a group of psychologists has suggested using psychology to make normal people happy rather than using it to help mental disturbed people alone.

Happiness as experience and research have shown come from within. Material possession, fame, wealth and fortune alone might bring happiness. These things are good but on themselves. Your attitude in life, genes, behavior, health, environment, social relationship with others and others are some of the factors that will make you happy. Given the above, if you want to be happy, you should be able to control your behavioral tendencies and other aspects of yourself. Below are some of the things that happy people do that help them to remain happy.



1. Obey your conscience

Conscience has been defined differently by different scholars. It could be said to be an authoritative guide to behavior. Some people have likened it to the voice of God in man that tells man what is right to be done and what is wrong to be avoided. No matter how it is defined, if you want to be happy in life, you should always try to live according to the dictate of your conscience. Happy people obey their conscience always. Normally, when you disobey your conscience, it will come back to torment you. You will always remain sad or unhappy, if you have guilty conscience. Happy people always obey their conscience in order not to suffer from guilty conscience.

2. Be jovial and keep a good social relationship with others

Aristotle, one of the most popular ancient Greek philosophers denominated man a social animal. He lives in the company of others. According a popular saying, no man is an island. This means human beings need one another in order to live a fulfilled life. You cannot accomplish anything in life without the help of the other. Given this, it is difficult for you to be happy if you do not have a good relationship with others.

When you are friendly to other people, they will be friendly to you. Your friends will visit you, celebrate success with you and console you when you are passing through trial moments. But if you do not have good relationship with others, people will always avoid you. You will not have people to celebrate your success with your or people to condole with you during difficult moment. You will become lonely in life and this will make you to be unhappy always. People who are happy have healthy relationship with others.

3. Keep the rules of any society your found yourself

Laws breakers are never happy because they will always be punished accordingly. If you want to be happy in the modern society, you should always obey the rules so that you will not be punished.

4. Doing Your Best Always to Achieve Your Goal

Most of us have our life goal and work towards achieving that. Some people end up not achieving their goal because they did not work hard or they did not do what they were supposed to do. According to psychologists, these people will later regret not doing what they should have done in order to achieve their goal. This regret will make them to become unhappy. Happy people always do their best in life. If they did not succeed in achieving their goal, they will still be happy for having done their best. Happy people are fulfilled people. Fulfillment comes when one has worked well and done everything possible within his/power in order to succeed in life. So, if you want to thread the path of happy people, you should always work hard and do your best in life.

5. Avoid unnecessary comparison

Comparing yourself unnecessary with another person can be dangerous. It does not mean that you should not take cue or good example from other people. But doing unnecessary comparison or thinking that the other is better than you can deflate your ego and sense of self-esteem. Once your ego is deflated, failure and inferiority complex will set in. Unnecessary comparison or wanting to be like others gradually will make you to become jealous of the other person even when you do not want. The key to avoiding unnecessary comparison is to be happy with who you are and your achievement.

Unnecessary comparison will keep you thinking always. You will never have a relaxed mind. You will become emotionally disturbed if you do not have rest of mind. The quality of your health will start to degenerate.

If you look at the life of people who are always happy, they do not bother so much about the achievements of other. They can take others as role models or learn from the life histories of others but they do not worry themselves about the achievements of their mates. So, do not keep your mind occupied with the achievements of the other people around you.



6. Eat well and improve the quality of well

Happiness is closely associated with good health. If you are not healthy or if you are sick, you will easily become unhappy especially when your condition does not carry on with your life routine. In order to remain healthy, you should always feed well. Feeding well here does not mean eating anything that comes your way. You should have a good dietary plan. Eating a balanced diet is the idea. If you are well fed, your immune system will be strong and you will not always be sick.

On the other hand, not feeding well which include having a bad dietary plan can cause you some health problems that may keep you unhappy. For example, becoming obese makes you to be unhappy. Obesity or overweight in most cases is caused by poor eating habit. So, you should always mind what you eat.

Happy people understand the connection between happiness and diet. Thus, they make sure that they eat only those things that will help to build up their immune system and will not make them to develop any health problem. They also avoid certain foods that will cause them some health problems.

Man jumping

Man jumping

7. Take time to exercise and relax

As it has been said above, all works and no play make Jack a dull boy. Always make out time to do exercise and relax with your friends. Regular exercise helps to improve the quality of your health. Excess fats that can cause overweight and other heart problems are burned down during workout exercise. Exercise also improves the metabolic process of your body which is the process through which fat and complex sugars are broken down for the release of energy to the cells of the body. If you do regular exercise, you will have the strength to carry out your daily activities. Exercise facilitates the removal of waste product of metabolism. It improves sleep.

Exercising in the gym or together with others people provides a veritable avenue of socializing. As it has been said above, having good relationship helps you to be happy. All the above benefits of exercise will help you to be happy.

8. Make do with your basic need

Happy people only go for what they need. If you want to acquire everything that you want, you will end having chains of unfulfilled wants and this will make you unhappy.

9. Learn to accept what you cannot change

There are a lot of things that are beyond your control. If you find yourself in any condition that you cannot change, the best thing you can do in order to remain happy is to accept the condition and learn to live with it. Happy people always accept conditions beyond them.

10. Do not bear grudges against any person

Bearing grudges against any person will affects your wellbeing and make you to be unhappy. Bearing grudges brings about negative emotions which will gradually deplete your immune system. If you bear grudges against any person, your mind will be preoccupied with the problem and this will keep you restless.

Baby and dad sleeping

Baby and dad sleeping

11. Sleep well

Having a good night rest and if possible taking your siesta always will help you to remain healthy and strong. You will be happy if you are healthy and strong.

12. Learn to go for a holiday

Most people tend to spend all their lives working without having some moment off. This is not actually the best. Happy people always take their leave and use the moment to be together with their family and loved ones. During your leave period, you will acquire more experience in life and also learn new things.

13. Be yourself always

One of the reasons why most people make mistakes that cause them their happiness afterwards is because they are not living authentic life. They follow the crowd or allow themselves to be influenced by others. This is not the case with happy people. Happy people always do what they are convinced of and then take responsibility of all their actions.

14. Be truthful

Lying ruptures the relationship that exists between you and the others. Besides, if people see you as a liar, you will lose your credibility and trustworthiness before them. You will definitely become unhappy when people do not trust you again.

15. Keep good friends

Happy people know the importance of keeping good friends. If you have good friends, you will be positively influenced and this will make you to cultivate good character that will help you to live a good life.

16. Do not defame others

Defaming others and gossiping around may be fun but it may also have some terrible mental consequences on you which may keep you unhappy. If you speak ill against another person intentionally, your conscience in one way or the other will disturb and torment you for that. You will be feeling guilty and unhappy anytime you see the person you defamed. You may pretend not to be bothered but invariably, you will be hurt internally.

17. Be kind to other people

It has been proved through research that being kind makes people to be happy. If you look at happy people around you, they are always kind and softhearted to others. You can also achieve happiness like them by treating others with love and kindness.

18. Have a positive view of problem

There is no person who does not have problem in life. But what makes the difference is how people approach the situations. If you want to be happy in life never you see any obstacle as a problem. Consider every problem as a challenge to be tackled. If you have a positive view of problems, you will be able to overcome it. There is always a feeling of happiness that comes when you succeed in overcoming an obstacle in life.

19. Forget about the past

Happy people do not dwell in their past. Though the past is good for a better future, but dwelling in your past mistakes or success will affect your present life and possibly your future. You can correct the mistake of your past in your present life. So, dwell not in the past but in the present.

20. Learn always

Happy people always increase the wealth of their experience and knowledge. You will be useful to people around you if you are knowledgeable and they will come to you to learn from you. This will help to make you happy.

Happy people are known for the above behaviors. If you want to be happy, cultivate above behavior.

Treat Insomnia with the Top 10 Best Natural Sleep Remedies

You are very much aware that you need regular sleep to be able to function effectively and productively every day. But if you happen to be among the majority of busy individuals today, then you are either not getting enough sleep or you are waking up too often in the middle of the night. This is actually a very common problem among adults. In most cases, being too busy at work is the culprit. Anxiety and depression are common causes as well.

One of the most common solutions used by people suffering from insomnia is taking sleeping pills. But, it is a known fact that taking synthetic products may not be good for the body in the long run. For one thing, the body gets immune with the effects of drugs after a while. Not to mention the possibility of damaging the liver if it has to constantly filter chemically-induced products.

The best way to go is to do things the natural way. It is very much possible to have a good night’s sleep every night if you can follow these top 10 best natural sleep remedies.A glass of milk

A Glass of Warm Milk at Night

Rather than take sleeping pills, why not take a warm glass of milk before bed time. It is an old practice that really works. This may be an old wives’ tale but believe it or not, it is the truth. The elders were right when they say that drinking a glass of warm milk before bed time can really help you feel sleepy. It is the tryptophan component in milk that helps. This component is a form of amino acid that has been proven to induce sleep. Tryptophan can also be found on tuna and turkey; so you may want to try a tuna salad or a turkey sandwich for dinner. For people who have been doing the ritual of drinking warm milk every night, they say that the calming effect of the drink helps them relax and wind down. So, why not take a dose of warm milk at night and see if this will work for you too.


No Caffeine After Lunch and Forward

If milk can help you go to sleep, coffee can keep you awake. Another old wives’ tale? Probably. But one that also stays true. A morning coffee can really get your day going, but guzzling coffee or caffeine-filled drinks – like soda – all day is not really that good at all. Caffeine is believed to have a half-life of five hours, which simply means that when you take a cup at around three to four o’clock in the afternoon, its effects will be out of your system by the time you need to sleep. Unfortunately, that is not true at all. It actually takes seven hours before majority part of the stimulant is out of your system. In most cases, around 25% percent of caffeine stimulant will remain in your body by the time you are lying in bed and trying hard to sleep. Aside from coffee and sodas, other drinks and food products that contain caffeine are chocolates, energy drinks, root beer, and even your decaffeinated coffee. It is best if you can stay away from these products if you want to get a good shut-eye every night for the rest of your life.


Prioritize Sleep

This may sound like a stupid advice as the objective here after all is to get some sleep. Some people though, are very much unaware that even if they are trying so hard to fall asleep, their mind may not be ready. The most common reason is that the body may be ready to rest, but the mind is still working overtime. The best thing to do is to try to relax and keep the troubles at bay for the night. This may not be an easy thing to do at first, but as always, practice makes perfect. So, just keep on repeating this practice and soon it will come automatically to you. You want to sleep, so concentrate on that objective.


Sweat it Out

Some people may not advice exercising in the evenings, as they believe that the adrenaline rush will keep you awake till late hours of night. There is no solid evidence of that claim though. But there have been studies proving that working out at night actually improves sleep. There was one study conducted that discovered that insomniacs who tried to do regular exercises slept better after a while. These people also started feeling less anxious and depressed, and they are also more energetic at day. Exercising at night though, does not mean to say that you need to really go for it like you are at a gym. Some simple stretching is enough and do not touch those weights.

safe sex

Make Love

The bed is made not just for sleeping, it is for making love as well. So, why not make love if sleep is not coming. It has been proven that after intercourse, a hormone called prolactin is released by both the male and female bodies. This kind of hormone is released during orgasm and it is really a good ingredient for a good night’s sleep. So, get some good old fashioned sex if you are finding it hard to sleep. Use your bed a little more productively; you never know this could be the one remedy that will work out for you, and for good.

Candle Flame


Self meditation is a good practice that may help you get that much elusive sleep. It could be a tough sell, but meditation is proven to be a powerful tool that can be useful for insomniacs. When you meditate you send out signals directly to your body’s nervous system to relax. Of course trying to relax when you can’t sleep may be easier said than done. But you can give it a try through meditation. It should be done right though, if you want to achieve the best results. This means doing it in a calming, quiet environment and when you are really ready for bed. Meditation is a good method that can help you control your stress levels, which is instrumental in helping you sleep better every night. Abdominal breathing is a good form of meditation that you can practice. Breathe easy from your abdomen and keep your attention on these breaths in order to help relax your mind and body. Eventually, you will be able to stay away from distractions and sleep will surely be a good companion. You can also meditate in a dimly lit room filled with soft music. Guided imagery is also a good meditation tool. You can simply focus your mind on an image that you really love to see during your waking hours. For instance, the view from your office window could be your stimulating factor for being productive at day. Use the same image to keep your mind relaxed at night. You can also pick one place where you always feel safe and happy. Keep the picture of the place in mind while lying in bed and invite your senses to explore that safe haven. Have you tried counting sheep? That is actually a form of meditation that you can also practice. If sheep seems to be too traditional for you, you can simply gaze upward and start counting. Eye strain can be relaxing, as long as you are not staring too hard. Rather, just stare out at nothing. Count one and then take a calming breath – inhale and exhale – and then continue counting. Imagine yourself climbing a hill and you are counting every step, there is a big chance that by the time you reach ten, your eyes will be half-closed.


Unwind at Home

As much as possible, avoid taking work home. Home is the place where you should be able to relax and unwind after a tiring and stressful day at work. If you are in the habit of taking your work home with you, it is about time to stop that practice. Walk through your door without the worries of work with you. In case you are a work-at-home person, your best option is to set a time to stop working. Unwinding is a good way to go. Do it early in the evening; make that transition from stressful day to relaxing evening. If you have to deal with issues at home, focus on it as soon as you are home and make sure that they have been resolved before you enter your bedroom. In simple words, keep your worries where they should be. A little you-time is essential to your unwinding time.Smelling Rosas

Smell the Roses

This doesn’t mean that you should explore your garden at night – though it could be a good idea on a good weather. This means making use of aroma therapy with aromatherapy or essential oils. Lavender is a good choice and so is sandalwood. Do not mistake aroma therapy though, as a cure for insomnia. But the relaxing and calming effects of essential oils can potentially induce sleep and keep you asleep until the time when you do need to wake up. Make sure though that you are going to use essential oils that stimulate sleep, and not scare it away. You need to know that there are essential oils than can actually keep you awake such as; rosemary, sage, basil and peppermint. You can use these oils to keep you going all day, but keep them at bay during the night if you want to sleep.


Take a Good Shower

Let the calming effects of the shower wash away the worries of the day. It would also be a good practice to bathe in your tub sprinkled with lavender or chamomile, at least an hour before your bed time.

dark room

Turn Out the Lights

When you were a kid, your parents will always turn out the lights at night. The main objective is to encourage you to sleep. You may not have liked that though while you were growing up, so when you became an adult you only turn out the light when you want to. Some people are in the habit of watching TV or reading in bed. Reading will of course require lights and that will surely keep you awake. Watching TV can be done without the lights on, but the light coming from the TV is what will keep you awake. The bottom line here is to try to avoid watching TV or reading at night. Better yet, turn out that light and give your eyes that much needed rest.

There are other things and practices that you can do that will help you sleep and stay asleep for the night. These top 10 sleep remedies though should be enough to keep those sleepless nights away. The important thing here is your willingness to try something different or to change your lifestyle. If you will keep on drinking coffee before bed time, do not wonder why sleep is so elusive. The same thing goes if you take your office work – along with its problems and worries – to bed.

The main idea for these natural sleep remedies is to help you sleep better at night. When you sleep better, you can only expect your mind and body to be completely prepared for the next day’s activities. If you have been wondering why you feel more tired when you wake up in the morning than when you came home the other night, then you are suffering from sleep deprivation. In some cases, you may think that you have slept long but actually, your eyes were just shut but your brain cells were working over time. When your brain stays active at night, your body is affected as well. This is where “tossing and turning” occurs.

You need to keep your mind relaxed in order for your body to receive its much needed rest. Do not invite negative thoughts. Keep thinking of positive things. Eventually, the sleep you have been inviting all along is going to accept the invitation.


City of Tokyo

World’s Most Expensive City to Live In

If you are planning to relocate and you are thinking that you can afford to live in a city where the cost living is beyond that of an ordinary man’s reach, then you will be glad you know that a recent survey showed that top 10 most expensive cities in the world to live in. In the result posted recently, Asia and Europe top the list of having the most cities where the costs of living are simply way beyond the means of ordinary citizens.

On the top of the list is:

1. Tokyo, Japan

Downtown Tokyo

Tokyo, Japan

2. Osaka, Japan

Osaka, Japan

Osaka, Japan

3. Sydney,  Australia

Sydney,  Australia

Sydney, Australia

4. Oslo, Norway

Oslo, Norway

Oslo, Norway

5. Melbourne, Australia.

Melbourne, Australia

Melbourne, Australia

6. Singapore ( Asia)



7. Zurich, Switzerland

Zurich, Switzerland

Zurich, Switzerland

8. Paris, France

Paris, France

Paris, France

9. Caracas, Venezuela

 Caracas, Venezuela

Caracas, Venezuela

10. Geneva, Switzerland

Genève, Switzerland

Genève, Switzerland

Europe is undoubtedly well represented in the list, but it can be noticed that Asia is gaining quickly. Australian cities on the other hand are also penetrating the list, and this is a little surprising since ten years ago, none of them even made it to the top 50. What is missing on the list is a single North American city; the complete result actually shows that none from this continent even made it to the top 20.




At the number one spot, Tokyo in Japan actually just resumed its top position and this is despite a weaker yen, the Japanese deflation and growing worldwide prices. Tokyo took the number one slot from Zurich, Switzerland that dropped to number 7 this year.

So what made Tokyo take the lead again and Osaka following suit? Maybe it has something to do with the rise in wage growth and high economic enthusiasm. Add the fact that the Japanese capital had high real estate rents and costs as well as soaring wages fueling costs.

Real estate rates in Tokyo, Japan are close to $10,000/square meter and outside the city than rates go around at $5,700/square meter. If you are thinking of renting a 3-bedroom house in Tokyo, you may have to pay a whooping $2,500 rent. An average apartment outside the city can cost around $1,700 and monthly utility bills can go as much as $160 for a small household. Traveling around the city and eating out can also be highly expensive affairs.

Osaka on the other hand, has one of the priciest transportation costs in the world and this is because of the numerous popular tourist sights found here. Wages are also way high in Osaka and this is because it is the headquarters of top companies in the world like, Mitsubishi, Sharp, Panasonic and Sanyo.

Another Asian city, Singapore, made it to top 10, as number 6 coming up 3 places from its previous ranking. The city’s CPI or Consumer Price Index inflation last year registered at 4.6 percent and at the same time there was also currency appreciation that time. Together, those aspects made the State-City a more expensive city to live in.

Singapore is simply has a promising and flourishing economy. It may be small and there is lack of space for expansion but the fact that it can stay competitive economically only proves that it is certainly a costly place to live in. A single bedroom apartment in the suburban Singapore can cost $1,800 and up with monthly utility bills normally as high as $130.




The cost of living in Australia has surged Sydney and Melbourne into great positions at the top 5 most expensive cities to live in. The two cities have outstripped most European cities. The rise of these cities is highly attributed to the country’s currency and inflation swings. The strength that the Australian dollars have demonstrated over the US and other currencies combined with inflation being supported by economic growth made it really costly to live in these cities. Australians and visitors are certainly feeling the changes with the prices rising way beyond their expectations.

The Australian cities rise was certainly unprecedented as no other cities have managed to make this kind of climb before. And to think that a decade ago, there was no Australian city in the top 50 of the world’s most expensive cities.




European cities have always been on the top positions when it comes to the world’s most expensive cities to live in. This year though, they are taking the back seat for Asian and Australian cities. Paris, Zurich and Oslo used to claim the No.1 spot at one time or another, with Zurich having the crown last year.

The low tax rates in Zurich should make it a least expensive place to live, but sadly low tax was the main reason why many international millionaires have decided to relocate here. And because of that cost of living in this city has soared up high, but certain factors caused it to fall from the top place to number 7. But Zurich is still the richest city in Europe and when it comes to high quality of living it still takes the top position in the continent.

South America

South America

South America

Another amazing rise in the list was made by Caracas in Venezuela. This South American city jumped up from number 25 to number 9, which made it the most expensive city to live in across the Americas. The obvious reason this rise in position for Caracas is the country’s fixed exchange rates versus the US dollar and the rise to price volatility.

Living in these cities can be really great if you have the resources to support the opportunities and the lifestyle that they have to offer. So, do you have what it takes to live in one of these cities? You can really consider yourself very lucky if you can easily afford to live in one of these cities.




Pick One of the Top 10 Green Degrees

The fact that more and more people are getting encouraged to go Green is the main reason why, each year, the number of students taking up green degrees is increasing. And because of the continuing rise in the demand for such degrees, more and more colleges are coming up with new and innovative programs.

Going Green has certainly gone a long way, and for those who are vigilant enough to finish their Green courses and get their Green degrees, great job opportunities are waiting for them in environmental sustainability, policy, management and law.

Green degrees are wide scoped and the major and minor courses are divided in different categories. So, you have the option to choose your specialty such as in agriculture, marine conservation, fisheries, sustainable building and many more.

Aside from the major courses and Bachelor of Sciences green degrees, some colleges are also offering additional classes which include:

  • Sustainable Business
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Renewable Energy
  • Paper Engineering
  • Bioprocess Engineering
  • Construction Management
  • Ecology and Management of Landscapes
  • Environmental Law
  • Outdoor Education


Top Ten Greenest Degrees

Environmental Sciences and Department

        1. Major in Environment Chemistry – this course involves initial recognition of how the uncontaminated environment works and well as which chemical concentrations are naturally present and at what effects. Study of this course allows human to properly understand and accurately learn the effects that chemicals bring to the environment.
        1. Major in Environment Geosciences – this course involves applying the understanding of the natural world in providing solution for environmental issues. Understanding of soils, rocks and minerals in combination with surface processes, is important in alleviation of environmental risks and key to defending the world while allowing for growth and development at the same time.
        2. Major in Conservation Biology – this is a scientific study of the nature and condition of the Earth’s biodiversity with the objective to protect the species and their habitats as well as the ecosystems from extreme possibilities of extinction and biotic interaction erosion. It is an interdisciplinary course that deals with economics, sciences and natural resource management.
        1. The Bachelor of Science in Sustainable Food and Bioenergy Systems – is a scientific study that offers three definite concentrations — sustainable crop production, sustainable food systems and agroecology. In this specific degree students are encouraged to work at vegetable farms as part of their colleges’ agricultural research programs. The students also participate in internship programs at local farms. For post-graduates the graduates are likely to land good jobs and postings in different sectors like, agricultural biosecurity, food safety, bioenergy production and bioenergy improvement.

Natural Resource Department

        1. Major in Ecological Restoration – this course involves the scientific discipline aimed to provide resolution to the rising need to re-establish the Earth’s damaged ecosystems. Habitat destruction, invasive species expansions, urban sprawling and the direct damage caused by industrial contamination, are just some of the cause of the severe damages suffered by our natural habitats. This course gives the students clear understanding and strong foundation on what methods are available in the ecosystem restoration process.
        2. Major in Marine Science and Conservation – this course includes the study in coastal geology and marine ecology; ocean and earth sciences (including subjects on climate change as well as solid earth methods); and environmental policy and studies (focused on aquatic sciences, atmospheric sciences and ecosystem science).
        3. Major in Wildlife Ecology – this course concentrates on studies on nanotechnology, wildlife disease prevention, and global genetic engineering.
        4. Major in Forest Ecosystem Science – this coursework degree prepares the students for great careers in the natural resource management and forest management sectors. It provides the graduates with useful connections in the ecosystem management sectors both locally and internationally.

Nature and Culture Department

        1. MA in Environmental Science and Policy – in this course the students need to explore and evaluate that causes ecological degradation. This interdisciplinary course builds a basis in international environmental policy by integration of the study of environmental politics with economics and natural sciences.
        2. Major in Nature Studies – this major course is designed for students who aim to understand the complicated relationships that humans have with nature. Through understanding it is expected that the students will be able to make a difference that will make the world a better place to live in.